In Japanese there is generally more than one pronunciation of a kanji. The ON pronunciation (onyomi) is taken from the Chinese pronunciation and the KUN pronunciation (kunyomi) which is derived from the indigenous Japanese pronunciation of the same word/meaning. When the kunyomi pronunciation is used the kanji usually stands alone and is not part of a compound. For example:
人 – hito meaning person
鳥 – tori meaning bird
夢 – yumi meaning dream
In Japanese there are generally more than one pronunciation of a kanji. The ON pronunciation (onyomi) is taken from the Chinese pronunciation and the KUN pronunciation (kunyomi) which is derived from the indigenous Japanese pronunciation of the same word/meaning.
Most kanji compounds (words made up of two or more kanji) are built up from the the individual kanji onyomi. For example:
The onyomi: zi-dou-sha combine to mean car or automobile:
自- zi meaning self
動 – dou meaning move
車 – sha meaning vehicle or cart
Tomorrow: What are Japanese KUN pronunciations?
Variant forms of a given Chinese character have developed over time. For example Japanese has many simplified forms, such as 国 (country) which derives from the Chinese 國. The number of Chinese characters kept growing too. In the 1950′s, Mainland China decided to reform the Chinese writing system. They simplified the shapes of many of the more common characters in use. For example, they chose the same form of ‘country’ as used in Japanese to replace the previous form. However, not all the simplifications adopted were simply taken from existing variants. The following shows a few examples:
The simplification process also simplified certain components that occur in many characters. For example the component derived from 言 in 語 becomes 讠in the simplified form of the same character, 语.
Simplification also attempted to define a relatively smaller set of characters for common usage than had traditionally been the case. In many cases, this meant that a single character from the simplified set was used in place of several characters from the larger traditional set. For example, 干 was used in the simplified character set in place of the following four characters from the traditional set, 干 幹 乾 and 榦.
Traditional Chinese is still used to write characters in Taiwan and Hong Kong, and much of the Chinese diaspora. Simplified Chinese is used in Mainland China and Singapore. It is important to stress that people speaking many different, often mutually unintelligible, Chinese dialects would use one or other of these scripts to write Chinese – ie. the characters do not necessarily represent the sounds. There are also a few local characters, such as for Cantonese in Hong Kong, that are not in widespread use.
The best iPhone app to learn French is French Audio FlashCards for iPhone
Learn over 4,400 French words! – Yes, that’s right, 4,400! And each and every one with native speaker audio. Includes flashcards and exercises.
Over French 4,400 words and phrases.
Every word includes a native speaker’s audio recording.
Flashcard review and exercises to aid memorization.
Learning-list testing technique ensures word retention.
Custom WordFiles allow users to create completely custom user WordFiles.
Upload Custom WordFiles for backup and sharing.
NEW! Search for words and meaning and add to Custom wordFiles.
— French iPhone —
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— Hebrew iPhone —
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— Brazilian iPhone —
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Only Custom WordFiles can be shared. So we need to start by creating one…
Creating Custom WordFiles
On the main view of the App, tap the “Load Another WordFile” button:
That will bring you to the “Standard WordFiles” table. Now either swipe to the right or use the “User Cutsom” button on the bottom of the table.
That will take you to the “Custom WordFiles” view. This is where we create and manage our Cutsom WordFiles.
Start by tapping the “Create Custom WordFile…” row:
That will bring up the “Edit Custom WordFile” feature.
Start by entering a name for your new Custom WordFile and then tap the “return” key.
Then scroll down and start adding words using on of the three available modes:
Once you are done, don’t forget to tap the “Save and Close”button.
Now you will see your new wordfile in the Custom WordFiles table – like so:
Sharing Custom WordFiles
Now that we have a custom wordfile, we are ready to upload it for sharing. Tap the blue tool icon to the right of the new custom wordfile’s row:
That will bring up the three Custom WordFile management buttons. Tap the “Share” button to proceed:
And you will see the “Share WordFile” view. Start by entering a unique ShareCode. This can be anything you like, but at least 8 characters long. This is the ShareCode that you can send to your students, friends and fellow students which they can then use to download your shared custom wordfile.
After you have entered you unique ShareCode, tap the “Done” key and then tap the “Verify ShareCode & Start Upload” button. This will start the upload process.
Once your wordfile has been successfully uploaded, an “Unload Complete” confirmation will be displayed, as below.
You will also see three buttons that allow you to post your ShareCode on Facebook and Twitter, and also to email your ShareCode to whomever you please.
A history of all of your uploaded wordfiles and their associated ShareCodes can be viewed by tapping the “My ShareCode History” button at the bottom of the view.
Again, here you will have access to the Facebook, Twitter and email share buttons. Also you can download the wordfile yourself using the blue download button (this is useful if you are using the share feature to backup your custom wordfiles), or delete the shared wordfile. Deleting will remove the shared wordfile from our servers and invalidate its associated ShareCode.
Downloading Shared WordFiles
Downloading a shared wordfile onto your copy of Audio FlashCards on your iPhone is as easy as entering a ShareCode and tapping a download button.
To start go to the “Custom WordFile” table and tap the “Download Shared WordFile…” button in the second row.
That will bring up the “Download Shared” feature. Just enter the ShareCode you received from your teacher, friend or fellow student and tap the “Start Download” button.
Once the download is complete you will see a confirmation that notifies you that your downloaded wordfile has been added to your Custom WordFiles list. Tap the “Close” button to return to the Custom WordFiles table.
That is it.
If you require any further assistance or have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us here: firstname.lastname@example.org
Declan Software © 2012